Australia offers several immigration programs to attract skilled workers, investors, entrepreneurs, and individuals seeking to reunite with their families. These programs are designed to address the country's economic and demographic needs while providing opportunities for migrants to live and work in Australia. Here are some key immigration programs in Australia:
1. Skilled Migration Programs:
A. Skilled Independent Visa (subclass 189): This points-based visa is for skilled workers who are not sponsored by an employer, a state or territory government, or a family member. Applicants must meet the points threshold and have occupations listed on the relevant skilled occupation list.
B. Skilled Nominated Visa (subclass 190): This points-based visa is for skilled workers nominated by a state or territory government. Applicants must meet the points threshold and have occupations listed on the relevant skilled occupation list. State or territory sponsorship is required.
C. Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) Visa (subclass 491): This points-based visa is for skilled workers nominated by a state or territory government or sponsored by an eligible family member residing in a designated regional area. Applicants must meet the points threshold and have occupations listed on the relevant skilled occupation list.
2. Employer-Sponsored Programs:
A. Temporary Skill Shortage Visa (subclass 482): This visa allows employers to sponsor skilled workers from overseas to fill temporary skill shortages. The visa has various streams, including the Short-Term stream (up to 2 years) and the Medium-Term stream (up to 4 years).
B. Employer Nomination Scheme (subclass 186): This permanent visa allows employers to sponsor skilled workers for permanent residency. It requires employer nomination and an eligible occupation.
3. Business and Investment Programs:
A. Business Innovation and Investment Visa (subclass 188/888): This program encourages successful business people to establish new businesses or invest in existing businesses in Australia. It offers different streams, such as Business Innovation, Investor, and Significant Investor.
B. Global Talent Visa Program: This program attracts highly skilled individuals in targeted sectors to work and live permanently in Australia. It provides a streamlined pathway for exceptional talent and includes specific areas like AgTech, MedTech, Cyber Security, and more.
4. Family Migration:
A. Partner Visa (subclass 820/801 or 309/100): This visa allows Australian citizens, permanent residents, or eligible New Zealand citizens to sponsor their partners to join them in Australia. There are different streams available depending on the relationship status.
B. Parent Visa: These visas allow parents of Australian citizens, permanent residents, or eligible New Zealand citizens to migrate to Australia. There are various options, including the Contributory Parent Visa and the Aged Parent Visa.